II. LEGAL FORMS OF DOING BUSINESS IN POLAND

On 9 October 2000 the President of the Republic of Poland signed a new Commercial Companies Code, which was passed by the Parliament on 15th September 2000. Due to its fundamental character, resulting (first) from a wide range of regulated problems, the proper implementation of the Code is strictly connected with the implementation of the two other Acts passed by the Parliament:

  • Business Activity Law of 2nd July 2004;
  • National Court Register Act of 20th August 1997.

The Commercial Companies Code begins with general provisions which determine the object of the regulation. The new law regulates the formation, structure, operation, dissolution, merging, division, as well as transformation of commercial companies. The Code introduced a new legal form of "a company in organization". This Code determines that a company in organization is an imperfect legal person, the third category of legal entities apart from natural and legal person.

Polish regulations allow the following legal forms of business:

  • individual business activity
  • civil partnership,
  • representative office,
  • branch office,
  • registered partnership,
  • professional partnership,
  • limited partnership,
  • limited liability company,
  • joint stock company.

And, in connection with European law, following forms:

  • european company
  • european group of economic interests
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